Past research focused on the cognitive and neural processes underlying memories of arousing events. Memories of emotional events seem to be more vivid and less fragile than mundane memories: while you might not remember what your spouse/parent/child was saying just last night, you may distinctly remember failing (or acing…) an exam 20 years ago. Why do memories of emotional events seem more vivid than of neutral events? Under what conditions are they more accurate? And are they as accurate as they seem to be?